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Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
close (verb)
transitive verb
1.
a) to move so as to bar passage through something - close the gate
b) to block against entry or passage - close a street
c) to deny access to - the city closed the beach
d) - screen exclude close a view
e) to suspend or stop the operations of - close school often used with down
2.
archaic - enclose contain
3.
a) to bring to an end or period - close an account
b) to conclude discussion or negotiation about - the question is closed , also to consummate by performing something previously agreed - close a transfer of real estate title
c) to terminate access to (a computer file or program)
4.
a) to bring or bind together the parts or edges of - a closed book
b) to fill up (as an opening)
c) to make complete by circling or enveloping or by making continuous - close a circuit
intransitive verb
d) to reduce to nil - closed the distance to the lead racer
1.
a) to contract, fold, swing, or slide so as to leave no opening - the door closed quietly
b) to cease operation - the factory closed down the stores close at 9 p.m.
2.
a) to draw near - the ship was closing with the island
b) to engage in a struggle at close quarters - grapple close with the enemy
3.
a) to come together - meet
b) to draw the free foot up to the supporting foot in dancing
4.
to enter into or complete an agreement - close on a deal
5.
to come to an end or period - the services closed with a short prayer
6.
to reduce a gap - closed to within two points
close (noun)
1.
a) a coming or bringing to a conclusion - at the close of the party
b) a conclusion or end in time or existence - cessation the decade drew to a close
c) the concluding passage (as of a speech or play)
2.
the conclusion of a musical strain or period - cadence
3.
archaic a hostile encounter
4.
the movement of the free foot in dancing toward or into contact with the supporting foot
close (noun)
1.
a) an enclosed area
b) chiefly British the precinct of a cathedral
2.
chiefly British
a) a narrow passage leading from a street to a court and the houses within or to the common stairway of tenements
b) a road at one end - closed
close (adjective)
1.
having no openings - closed
2.
a) confined or carefully guarded - close arrest
b) (1) of a vowel - high
(2) formed with the tongue in a higher position than for the other vowel of a pair
3.
restricted to a privileged class
4.
a) - secluded secret
b) - secretive she could tell us something if she would … but she was as close as wax A. Conan Doyle
5.
- strict rigorous keep close watch
6.
hot and stuffy - a room with an uncomfortably close atmosphere
7.
not generous in giving or spending - tight
8.
having little space between items or units - a close weave a close grain
9.
a) fitting tightly or exactly - a close fit
b) very short or near to the surface - a close haircut
10.
being near in time, space, effect, or degree - at close range close to my birthday close to the speed of sound
11.
- intimate familiar close friends
12.
a) very precise and attentive to details - a close reading a close study
b) marked by fidelity to an original - a close copy of an old master
c) - terse compact
13.
decided or won by a narrow margin - a close baseball game
14.
difficult to obtain - money is close
15.
of punctuation characterized by liberal use especially of commas stingy
close (adverb)
in a close position or manner
Close (biographical name)
Chuck 1940–     Am. painter - Charles Thomas Close
Merriam-Webster Online Thesaurus
close (noun)
an open space wholly or partly enclosed (as by buildings or walls)
SYNONIMS:
close, courtyard, enclosure ( inclosure), patio, quad, quadrangle, yard
RELATED WORDS:
atrium, galleria, parvis ( parvise), peristyle; forecourt, place, plaza, square; deck, terrace; curtilage
close (noun)
1.
the stopping of a process or activity
SYNONIMS:
arrest, arrestment, cease, cessation, check, close, closedown, closure, conclusion, cutoff, discontinuance, discontinuation, ending, expiration, finish, halt, lapse, offset, shutdown, shutoff, stay, stop, stoppage, surcease, termination
RELATED WORDS:
mop-up, phaseout; abeyance, break, interruption, layoff, letup, moratorium, pause, standstill, suspension
NEAR ANTONYMS:
extension, persistence, prolongation
continuance, continuation
close (noun)
2.
the last part of a process or action
SYNONIMS:
capper, close, closing, conclusion, consummation, end, endgame, ending, finis, finish, grand finale, home stretch, mop-up, windup, wrap-up
RELATED WORDS:
acme, apex, capstone, climax, copestone, coup de grâce ( coup de grace), crescendo, crown, culmination, high-water mark, meridian, peak, pinnacle, summit, tip-top, top, zenith; aftermath, anticlimax, coda, epilogue ( epilog), postscript; shank, tag end, tail end
NEAR ANTONYMS:
foreword, introduction, overture, preamble, preface, prelude, prologue ( prolog)
baseline, beginning, dawn, day one, nascence, nascency, opening, start
close (adjective)
1.
having little space between items or parts
SYNONIMS:
compact, crowded, dense, jam-packed, packed, serried, thick, tight
RELATED WORDS:
crammed, jammed, overcrowded; crushed, massed, pressed, squeezed, wall-to-wall; airtight, snug; compacted, compressed, condensed, congested; firm, hard, solid; impenetrable, impermeable, impervious
NEAR ANTONYMS:
commodious, roomy, spacious
airy, loose, open, uncrowded
close (adjective)
2.
not being distant in time, space, or significance
SYNONIMS:
close-up, immediate, near, nearby, neighboring, next-door, nigh, proximate
RELATED WORDS:
abutting, adjacent, adjoining, bordering, contiguous; approaching, coming, forthcoming, oncoming, upcoming; accessible, convenient, handy; close-in, hand-to-hand
at hand, to hand
NEAR ANTONYMS:
divorced, removed, separated
away, deep, distant, far, faraway, far-off, remote
close (adjective)
3.
showing little difference in the standing of the competitors
SYNONIMS:
down-to-the-wire, hairbreadth, narrow, neck and neck, nip and tuck, tight
RELATED WORDS:
crowded
close (adjective)
4.
closely acquainted
SYNONIMS:
bosom, buddy-buddy, chummy, close, especial, friendly, inseparable, intimate, inward, near, thick, tight
RELATED WORDS:
clannish, close-knit, tight-knit; affable, boon, companionable, convivial, cordial, genial, gracious, hearty; gregarious, sociable, social; comfortable, cozy, easy, snug; amicable, neighborly; confidential, secretive; adoring, affectionate, dear, devoted, fond, loving, tender, tenderhearted, warm
NEAR ANTONYMS:
aloof, antisocial, cold, cool, detached, distant, frosty, remote, reserved, standoffish, unfriendly, unsociable, withdrawn
distant
close (adjective)
5.
given to keeping one's activities hidden from public observation or knowledge
SYNONIMS:
close, closemouthed, dark, reticent, tight-mouthed, uncommunicative
RELATED WORDS:
quiet, reserved, silent, taciturn, tight-lipped; discreet, prudent; clandestine, covert, furtive, hugger-mugger, secret, sneak, sneaky, stealthy, surreptitious, undercover, underhand, underhanded
NEAR ANTONYMS:
candid, frank, honest, out-front, up-front; blunt, outspoken, tactless
communicative, open
close (adjective)
6.
giving or sharing as little as possible
SYNONIMS:
cheap, chintzy, close, closefisted, mean, mingy, miserly, niggard, niggardly, parsimonious, penny-pinching, penurious, pinching, pinchpenny, spare, sparing, stinting, tight, tightfisted, uncharitable, ungenerous
RELATED WORDS:
careful, chary, conserving, economical, economizing, frugal, saving, scrimping, skimping, thrifty; acquisitive, avaricious, avid, coveting, covetous, desirous, grasping, greedy, hoggish, itchy, mercenary, rapacious, selfish, shabby, small, sordid; begrudging, envious, grudging, resentful; inhospitable
NEAR ANTONYMS:
altruistic, selfless, unselfish; extravagant, free, handsome, lavish, overgenerous, profuse; beneficent, benevolent, hospitable, humanitarian, philanthropic ( philanthropical); compassionate, good-hearted, greathearted, kindly, magnanimous, openhearted; thriftless, unthrifty; dissipating, frittering, prodigal, profligate, spendthrift, splurging, squandering, wasteful, wasting
bounteous, bountiful, charitable, freehanded, generous, liberal, munificent, openhanded, unsparing, unstinting
close (adjective)
7.
lacking fresh air
SYNONIMS:
breathless, close, stifling, suffocating
RELATED WORDS:
airless, unventilated; fuggy; heavy, oppressive, thick
NEAR ANTONYMS:
bracing, brisk, invigorating, refreshed, refreshing, restorative, reviving, sweet; ventilated
airy, breezy, unstuffy
close (adjective)
8.
meeting the highest standard of accuracy
SYNONIMS:
accurate, close, delicate, exact, fine, hairline, mathematical, pinpoint, refined, rigorous, spot-on
RELATED WORDS:
correct, right, strict, true; definite, definitive; nice, subtle; careful, fastidious, finical, finicky, meticulous
NEAR ANTONYMS:
approximate, round; false, incorrect, untrue, wrong; careless, loose; indefinite, unclear, vague; doubtful, dubious, questionable, unreliable, untrustworthy
coarse, imprecise, inaccurate, inexact, rough
close (adverb)
at, within, or to a short distance or time
SYNONIMS:
around, by, close, hard, in, nearby, nigh
RELATED WORDS:
hereabouts ( hereabout), hereaway ( hereaways) [], thereabouts ( thereabout); along, alongside; accessibly, conveniently, handily
close (verb)
1.
to position (something) so as to prevent passage through an opening
SYNONIMS:
make, shut, steek
RELATED WORDS:
bar, batten (down), bolt, chain, fasten, latch, lock; plug, seal, stopper; secure; bang, clap, slam
NEAR ANTONYMS:
unbar, unbolt, unchain, unfasten, unlatch, unlock, unseal
open
close (verb)
2.
to stop the operations of
SYNONIMS:
close (down), close out, shut
RELATED WORDS:
phase out, turn off; extinguish, quell, suppress; gag, muzzle, silence; fail, fold
NEAR ANTONYMS:
build, expand
open, start
close (verb)
3.
to bring (an event) to a natural or appropriate stopping point
SYNONIMS:
close out, complete, conclude, end, finish, round (off out), terminate, wind up, wrap up
RELATED WORDS:
climax, crown; consummate, perfect; halt, stop, suspend
put paid to [], ring down the curtain (on)begin, commence, inaugurate, open, start
close (verb)
4.
to come to an end
SYNONIMS:
break off, break up, close, conclude, dead-end, determine, die, discontinue, elapse, end, expire, finish, go, halt, lapse, leave off, let up, pass, quit, stop, terminate, wind up, wink (out)
RELATED WORDS:
desist (from), lay off (of), refrain (from); give over [], knock off, pack (up in); break down, conk (out), cut out, stall; pause, stay, suspend; abate, peter (out), wind down
NEAR ANTONYMS:
draw out, extend, prolong, protract
continue, hang on, persist
close (verb)
5.
to come near or nearer
SYNONIMS:
belly up, close, close in, come up, draw on, near, nigh
RELATED WORDS:
arrive, attain, come, gain, hit, land, make, reach, show up, turn up, waltz up; creep up, sneak up; adjoin, border, touch, verge
NEAR ANTONYMS:
clear out, depart, exit, go, leave, light out, pull out, quit, remove, run away, shove (off), take off, walk out
back (up away), recede, retire, retreat, withdraw
close (verb)
to stop the operations of
SYNONIMS:
close (down), close out, shut
RELATED WORDS:
phase out, turn off; extinguish, quell, suppress; gag, muzzle, silence; fail, fold
NEAR ANTONYMS:
build, expand
open, start
close (verb)
to disallow entry into (a place) by means of a physical barrier at the entry point
SYNONIMS:
bar, barricade, blockade, block (off), guard, wall (off)
RELATED WORDS:
curtain (off), screen (off); dike, fence, gate, hedge; bolt, lock; obstruct
NEAR ANTONYMS:
reopen, unblock, unbolt
open, unbar
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