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Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
run (verb)
intransitive verb
1.
a) to go faster than a walk , specifically to go steadily by springing steps so that both feet leave the ground for an instant in each step
b) of a horse to move at a fast gallop
c) - flee retreat escape dropped the gun and ran
d) to utilize a running play on offense - used of a football team
2.
a) to go without restraint move freely about at will - let chickens run loose
b) to keep company - consort a ram running with ewes ran with a wild crowd when he was young
c) to sail before the wind in distinction from reaching or sailing close-hauled
d) - roam rove running about with no overcoat
3.
a) to go rapidly or hurriedly - hasten run and fetch the doctor
b) to go in urgency or distress - resort runs to mother at every little difficulty
c) to make a quick, easy, or casual trip or visit - ran over to borrow some sugar
4.
a) to contend in a race
b) to enter into an election contest - will run for mayor
5.
a) to move on or as if on wheels - glide file drawers running on ball bearings
b) to roll forward rapidly or freely
c) to pass or slide freely - a rope runs through the pulley
d) to ravel lengthwise - stockings guaranteed not to run
6.
to sing or play a musical passage quickly - run up the scale
7.
a) to go back and forth - ply the train runs between New York and Washington
b) of fish to migrate or move in considerable numbers , especially to move up or down a river to spawn
8.
a) - turn rotate a swiftly running grindstone
b) - function operate the engine runs on gasoline software that runs on her computer
9.
a) (1) to continue in force, operation, or production - the contract has two more years to run the play ran for six months
(2) to have a specified duration, extent, or length - the manuscript runs nearly 500 pages
b) to accompany as a valid obligation or right - a right-of-way that runs with the land
c) to continue to accrue or become payable - interest on the loan runs from July 1
10.
to pass from one state to another - run into debt
11.
a) to flow rapidly or under pressure
b) - melt fuse
c) - spread dissolve colors guaranteed not to run
d) to discharge liquid (as pus or serum) - a running sore
12.
a) to develop rapidly in some specific direction , especially to throw out an elongated shoot of growth
b) to tend to produce or develop a specified quality or feature - they run to big noses in that family
13.
a) to lie in or take a certain direction - the boundary line runs east
b) to lie or extend in relation to something
c) to go back - reach
d) (1) to be in a certain form or expression - the letter runs as follows
(2) to be in a certain order of succession
14.
a) to occur persistently - musical talent runs in the family
b) (1) to remain of a specified size, amount, character, or quality - profits were running high
(2) to have or maintain a relative position or condition (as in a race) - ran third running late
c) to exist or occur in a continuous range of variation - shades run from white to dark gray
15.
a) to spread or pass quickly from point to point - chills ran up her spine
transitive verb
b) to be current - circulate speculation ran rife
1.
a) to cause (an animal) to go rapidly ride or drive fast
b) to bring to a specified condition by or as if by running - ran himself to death
c) to go in pursuit of - hunt chase dogs that run deer
d) to follow the trail of backward - trace ran the rumor to its source
e) to enter, register, or enroll as a contestant in a race
f) to put forward as a candidate for office
g) to carry (the football) on a running play
2.
a) to drive (livestock) especially to a grazing place
b) to provide pasturage for (livestock)
c) to keep or maintain (livestock) on or as if on pasturage
3.
a) (1) to pass over or traverse with speed
(2) to run on or over in athletic competition - runs the bases well run the floor
b) to accomplish or perform by or as if by running - ran a great race run errands
c) to slip or go through or past - run a blockade run a red light
d) to travel on (as a river) in a boat - run the rapids
4.
a) to cause to penetrate or enter - thrust ran a splinter into her toe
b) - stitch
c) to cause to pass - lead run a wire in from the antenna
d) to cause to collide - ran his head into a post
e) - smuggle run guns
5.
to cause to pass lightly or quickly over, along, or into something - ran her eye down the list
6.
a) to cause or allow (as a vehicle or a vessel) to go in a specified manner or direction - ran the car off the road
b) - operate run a lathe
c) to direct the business or activities of - manage conduct run a factory
d) to employ or supervise in espionage - run an agent
7.
a) to be full of or drenched with - streets ran blood
b) - contain assay
8.
a) to cause to move or flow in a specified way or into a specified position - run cards into a file
b) to cause to produce a flow (as of water) - run the faucet , also to prepare by running a faucet - run a hot bath
9.
a) to melt and cast in a mold - run bullets
b) - treat process refine run oil in a still run a problem through a computer
10.
to make oneself liable to - incur ran the risk of discovery
11.
to mark out - draw run a contour line on a map
12.
a) to permit (as charges) to accumulate before settling - run a tab at the bar often used with up ran up a large phone bill
b) - cost rooms that run $50 a night
13.
a) to produce by or as if by printing - usually used with off ran off 10,000 copies of the first edition
b) to carry in a printed medium - print every newspaper ran the story
14.
a) to make (a series of counts) without a miss - run 19 in an inning in billiards
b) to lead winning cards of (a suit) successively
c) to alter by addition - ran his record to six wins and four losses
15.
to make (a golf ball) roll forward after alighting
run (noun)
1.
a) an act or the action of running continued rapid movement
b) a quickened gallop
c) a migration of fish (as up or down a river) especially to spawn , also such fish in the process of migration
d) a running race - a mile run
e) a score made in baseball by a runner reaching home plate safely
f) strength or ability to run
g) a gain of a usually specified distance made on a running play in football - scored on a 25-yard run , also a running play
h) a sustained usually aggressive effort (as to win or obtain something) - making a run at the championship
2.
a) chiefly Midland - creek
b) something that flows in the course of an operation or during a particular time - the first run of sap in sugar maples
3.
a) the stern of the underwater body of a ship from where it begins to curve or slope upward and inward
b) the direction in which a vein of ore lies
c) a direction of secondary or minor cleavage - grain the run of a mass of granite
d) a horizontal distance (as that covered by a flight of steps)
e) general tendency or direction
4.
a continuous period or series especially of things of identical or similar sort as - a run of bad luck
a) a rapid passage up or down a scale in vocal or instrumental music
b) a number of rapid small dance steps executed in even tempo
c) the act of making successively a number of successful shots or strokes , also the score thus made - a run of 20 in billiards
d) an unbroken course of performances or showings - a long run on Broadway
e) a set of consecutive measurements, readings, or observations
f) persistent and heavy demands from depositors, creditors, or customers - a run on a bank
g) - sequence
5.
the quantity of work turned out in a continuous operation - a press run of 10,000 copies
6.
the usual or normal kind, character, type, or group - the average run of students
7.
a) the distance covered in a period of continuous traveling or sailing
b) a course or trip especially if mapped out and traveled with regularity
c) a news reporter's regular territory - beat
d) freedom of movement in or access to a place or area - has the run of the house
8.
a) the period during which a machine or plant is in continuous operation
b) the use of machinery for a single set of processing procedures - a computer run
9.
a) a way, track, or path frequented by animals
b) an enclosure for domestic animals where they may feed or exercise
c) Australian
(1) a large area of land used for grazing - a sheep run
(2) - ranch station run-holder
d) an inclined passageway
10.
a) an inclined course (as for skiing or bobsledding)
b) a support (as a track, pipe, or trough) on which something runs
11.
a) a ravel in a knitted fabric (as in hosiery) caused by the breaking of stitches
b) a paint defect caused by excessive flow
12.
- diarrhea used with the
run (adjective)
1.
a) being in a melted state - run butter
b) made from molten material cast in a mold - run metal
2.
of fish having made a migration or spawning run - a fresh run salmon
3.
exhausted or winded from running
Merriam-Webster Online Thesaurus
run (noun)
1.
a prevailing or general movement or inclination
SYNONIMS:
current, direction, drift, leaning, run, tendency, tide, wind
RELATED WORDS:
curve, downside, shift, swing, turn, turnabout, upside; custom, habit, propensity, tenor, way; countercurrent, countertrend; undercurrent, undertow
run (noun)
chiefly Midland
a natural body of running water smaller than a river
SYNONIMS:
beck, bourn ( bourne), brook, brooklet, burn, gill, rill, rivulet, run, runlet, runnel, streamlet
RELATED WORDS:
arroyo, billabong [], fresh, freshet, runoff; bayou, coulee, slough ( slew slue), stream, wash; canal, channel, cut, cutoff, gut, kill, millrace, millstream, race, watercourse, waterway; affluent, branch, confluent, distributary, influent, tributary
run (noun)
3.
the period during which something exists, lasts, or is in progress
SYNONIMS:
continuance, date, life, life span, lifetime, run, standing, time
RELATED WORDS:
spell, stretch; span, tenure, term; hitch, tour, turn; half-life; age, longevity
run (noun)
4.
the right to act or move freely
SYNONIMS:
authorization, free hand, latitude, license ( licence), run
RELATED WORDS:
authority, clutch, command, control, dominion, grip, hold, mandate, mastery, power, sway; range, room, space; blank check, carte blanche
run (noun)
Array
abnormally frequent intestinal evacuations with more or less fluid stools
SYNONIMS:
Delhi belly, flux, Montezuma's revenge, runs, trots, turista
RELATED WORDS:
dysentery, shigellosis; scour(s)
run (verb)
1.
to go at a pace faster than a walk
SYNONIMS:
dash, gallop, jog, scamper, sprint, trip, trot
RELATED WORDS:
bound, canter, leap, lope, shag, skip, spring; barrel, belt, blast, blaze, blow, bolt, bomb [], bowl, breeze, bustle, buzz, cannonball, careen, course, foot (it), hare, hasten, hie, hoof (it), hotfoot (it), hump, hurl, hurry, hurtle, hustle, jet, leg (it), pelt, race, ram, rip, rocket, rush, rustle, shoot, speed, tear, whirl, whisk, zip, zoom; nip, patter, scoot, scurry, scuttle, step (along)
NEAR ANTONYMS:
amble, saunter, shamble, shuffle, stroll; crawl, creep, dally, dawdle, dillydally, drag, lag, linger, loiter, poke, tarry; lumber, plod, trudge; hobble, limp
run (verb)
2.
to hasten away from something dangerous or frightening
SYNONIMS:
bolt, break, bug out, flee, fly, hightail (it), retreat, run away, run off, skedaddle
RELATED WORDS:
abscond, clear out, decamp, elope, escape, get (away), get out, lam, light out, make off, mizzle [], scarper [], scat, scram, skip (out), skirr
beat a retreat, beat it, make tracks, turn tail
NEAR ANTONYMS:
beard, brave, confront, dare, defy, face; abide, dwell, hang around, linger, remain, stay, stick around, tarry
run (verb)
3.
to be positioned along a certain course or in a certain direction
SYNONIMS:
bear, extend, go, head, lead, lie
RELATED WORDS:
cross, cut, pass; course, follow, span, traverse
run (verb)
4.
to occur within a continuous range of variation
SYNONIMS:
go, range, vary
RELATED WORDS:
alternate, fluctuate, move, shift; change, mutate; extend, reach, stretch, sweep
run (verb)
5.
to move in a stream
SYNONIMS:
pour, roll, run, stream
RELATED WORDS:
arise, disembogue, effuse, emanate, issue, spring; course, race, rush; fountain, gush, spout, spurt; deluge, engulf, flood, inundate, overflow, overrun, swamp; cascade, dribble, drip, gutter, riffle, ripple, sheet, trickle; flush, wash out
NEAR ANTONYMS:
clot, coagulate, congeal, gel, harden, set
back up
run (verb)
6.
to proceed or move quickly
SYNONIMS:
barrel, belt, blast, blaze, blow, bolt, bomb, bowl, breeze, bundle, bustle, buzz, cannonball, careen, career, chase, course, crack (on), dash, drive, fly, hare, hasten, hie, highball, hotfoot (it), hump, hurl, hurtle, hustle, jet, jump, motor, nip, pelt, race, ram, rip, rocket, run, rush, rustle, scoot, scurry, scuttle, shoot, speed, step, tear, travel, trot, whirl, whisk, zip, zoom
RELATED WORDS:
beetle, dart, flit, scamper, scud, scuffle; stampede, streak, whiz ( whizz); gallop, jog, sprint; accelerate, quicken, step out; catch up, fast-forward, outpace, outrun, outstrip, overtake; arrow, beeline
NEAR ANTONYMS:
dally, dawdle, dillydally, drag, hang (around out), lag, linger, loiter, poke, tarry; amble, lumber, plod, saunter, shuffle, stroll; decelerate, slow (down up)
crawl, creep, poke
run (verb)
7.
to show a liking or proneness (for something)
SYNONIMS:
incline, run, tend, trend
RELATED WORDS:
go, gravitate; indicate, point, suggest
NEAR ANTONYMS:
avoid, shun, shy (from away from)
run (verb)
8.
to urge, push, or force onward
SYNONIMS:
herd, punch, run
RELATED WORDS:
shepherd; wrangle; egg, exhort, flog, goad, hound, press, prick, prod, prompt, scourge, spur, whip
run (verb)
9.
to control the mechanical operation of
SYNONIMS:
handle, run, work
RELATED WORDS:
use; maneuver, manipulate, ply, wield; command, control, direct, drive, guide, pilot, steer
run (verb)
10.
to eventually have as a state or quality
SYNONIMS:
come, get, go, grow, run, turn, wax
RELATED WORDS:
alter, change, metamorphose, modify, mutate, transfigure, transform, transmute
NEAR ANTONYMS:
abide, be, continue, linger, remain, stay
run (verb)
11.
to go from a solid to a liquid state
SYNONIMS:
deliquesce, flux, fuse, melt, run, thaw
RELATED WORDS:
found, gutter, smelt, try; dissolve, render; soften, thin
NEAR ANTONYMS:
clot, coagulate, congeal, gel, jell, jelly, thicken
harden, set, solidify
run (verb)
12.
to look after and make decisions about
SYNONIMS:
administer, administrate, carry on, control, direct, govern, guide, handle, keep, manage, operate, overlook, oversee, preside (over), regulate, run, steward, superintend, supervise, tend
RELATED WORDS:
care (for), mind, watch; lead, pilot, steer; guard, protect, safeguard; micromanage, stage-manage; codirect, comanage
run (verb)
13.
to cause to function
SYNONIMS:
actuate, crank (up), drive, move, run, set off, spark, start, touch off, trigger, turn on
RELATED WORDS:
kick over, turn over; charge, electrify, energize, fire, fuel, generate, power, push; discharge, launch, release, switch, trip; reactivate, recharge; arouse, excite, jump-start, kick-start, stimulate, vitalize; ignite, incite, instigate, provoke, quicken, stir up; accelerate, catalyze, speed (up), step up
NEAR ANTONYMS:
arrest, brake, check, cut off, draw up, halt, jam, stall, stick, stop; decelerate, repress, slow, stunt, suppress
cut, cut out, deactivate, kill, shut off, turn off
run (verb)
14.
to have a price of
SYNONIMS:
bring, fetch, go (for), run, sell (for)
RELATED WORDS:
list (for); amount (to), come (to), total; command, exact; ask, demand
run (verb)
15.
to come or be together as friends
SYNONIMS:
chum, company, consociate, consort, fraternize, hang (around out), hobnob, hook up, mess around, pal (around), run, sort, travel
RELATED WORDS:
affiliate, ally, attach, band, bond, club, collaborate, collude, confederate, conjoin, connect, cooperate, couple, gang, get along, get on, group, interrelate, join, knot, league, link, mingle, mix, rally, relate, side, socialize, team, tie, wed; befriend, friend
NEAR ANTONYMS:
avoid, cold-shoulder, shun, snub; alienate, estrange; break up, disband, disperse, split (up); disjoin, dissociate, disunite, divorce, sever, split, sunder
run (verb)
16.
to go after or on the track of
SYNONIMS:
bird-dog, chase, course, dog, hound, pursue, run, shadow, tag, tail, trace, track, trail
RELATED WORDS:
accompany, chaperone ( chaperon), escort; hunt, search (for), seek; eye, observe, watch
NEAR ANTONYMS:
head
guide, lead, pilot
run (verb)
to make a brief visit
SYNONIMS:
come by, come over, drop by, drop in, pop (in), run (over), run in, step in, stop (by in), visit
RELATED WORDS:
barge (in); look up, see; bop (into), happen (by); frequent, hang (at), haunt, resort (to)
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