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Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
hard (adjective)
1.
a) not easily penetrated not easily yielding to pressure
b) of cheese not capable of being spread very firm
2.
a) of liquor
(1) having a harsh or acid taste
(2) strongly alcoholic
b) characterized by the presence of salts (as of calcium or magnesium) that prevent lathering with soap - hard water
3.
a) of or relating to radiation of relatively high penetrating power having high energy - hard X rays
b) having or producing relatively great photographic contrast - a hard negative
4.
a) metallic as distinct from paper - hard money
b) of currency convertible into gold stable in value
c) usable as currency - paid in hard cash
d) of currency readily acceptable in international trade
e) being high and firm - hard prices
5.
a) firmly and closely twisted - hard yarns
b) having a smooth close napless finish - a hard worsted
6.
a) physically fit - in good hard condition
b) resistant to stress or disease
c) free of weakness or defects
7.
a) (1) - firm definite reached a hard agreement
(2) not speculative or conjectural - factual hard evidence
(3) important or informative rather than sensational or entertaining - hard news
b) - close searching gave a hard look
c) free from sentimentality or illusion - realistic good hard sense
d) lacking in responsiveness - obdurate unfeeling a hard heart
8.
a) (1) difficult to bear or endure - hard luck hard times
(2) - oppressive inequitable sales taxes are hard on the poor a hard restriction
b) (1) lacking consideration, compassion, or gentleness - callous a hard greedy landlord
(2) - incorrigible tough a hard gang
c) (1) harsh, severe, or offensive in tendency or effect - said some hard things
(2) - resentful hard feelings
(3) - strict unrelenting drives a hard bargain
d) - inclement hard winter
e) (1) intense in force, manner, or degree - hard blows
(2) demanding the exertion of energy calling for stamina and endurance - hard work
(3) performing or carrying on with great energy, intensity, or persistence - a hard worker
f) most unyielding or thoroughgoing - the hard political right
9.
a) characterized by sharp or harsh outline, rigid execution, and stiff drawing
b) sharply defined - stark hard shadows
c) lacking in shading, delicacy, or resonance - hard singing tones
d) sounding as in and respectively - arcing geese used of c and g
e) suggestive of toughness or insensitivity - hard eyes
10.
a) (1) difficult to accomplish or resolve - troublesome hard problems the true story was hard to come by
(2) difficult to comprehend or explain - a hard concept
b) having difficulty in doing something - hard of hearing
c) difficult to magnetize or demagnetize
11.
being at once addictive and gravely detrimental to health - such hard drugs as heroin
12.
resistant to biodegradation - hard detergents hard pesticides such as DDT
13.
being, schooled in, or using the methods of the natural sciences and especially of the physical sciences - a hard scientist
14.
of money contributed (as by individuals or political action committees) directly to a particular candidate or campaign
hard (adverb)
1.
a) with great or utmost effort or energy - strenuously were hard at work
b) in a violent manner - fiercely
c) to the full extent - usually used in nautical directions steer hard aport
d) to an immoderate degree
e) in a searching, close, or concentrated manner - stared hard at me
2.
a) in such a manner as to cause , difficulty, or pain - hardship
b) with rancor, bitterness, or grief - took the defeat hard
3.
in a firm manner - tightly
4.
to the point of - hardness frozen hard
5.
close in time or space - stands hard by the river
Merriam-Webster Online Thesaurus
hard (adjective)
1.
having or showing a lack of sympathy or tender feelings
SYNONIMS:
affectless, callous, case-hardened, cold-blooded, compassionless, desensitized, hard-boiled, hard-hearted, heartless, indurate, inhuman, inhumane, insensate, insensitive, ironhearted, merciless, obdurate, pachydermatous, pitiless, remorseless, ruthless, slash-and-burn, soulless, stony ( stoney), stonyhearted, take-no-prisoners, thick-skinned, uncharitable, unfeeling, unmerciful, unsparing, unsympathetic
RELATED WORDS:
boorish, heedless, inconsiderate, thoughtless, uncaring, unfriendly, unloving, unthinking; grim, hard-bitten, harsh, heavy-handed, ironfisted, ironhanded, jackbooted, knock-down, drag-out ( knock-down-and-drag-out), oppressive, rough, rough-and-tumble, severe, sledgehammer, stern, tough, ungentle; abusive, acrimonious, disagreeable, hateful, ill-natured, ill-tempered, malevolent, malicious, mean, rancorous, spiteful, surly, virulent; barbarous, bestial, brutal, brutish, cruel, evil-minded, savage, vicious; austere, cold, frosty
NEAR ANTONYMS:
benevolent, benignant, gentle, kind; clement, indulgent, lenient, mild; cordial, friendly, good-natured, good-tempered, gracious; tolerant, understanding; affectionate, fond, loving
charitable, compassionate, humane, kindhearted, kindly, merciful, sensitive, softhearted, sympathetic, tender, tenderhearted, warm, warmhearted
hard (adjective)
2.
requiring considerable physical or mental effort
SYNONIMS:
arduous, Augean, backbreaking, challenging, demanding, difficult, effortful, exacting, formidable, grueling ( gruelling), heavy, hellacious, herculean, killer, laborious, moiling, murderous, pick-and-shovel, rigorous, rough, rugged, severe, stiff, strenuous, sweaty, tall, testing, toilsome, tough, uphill
RELATED WORDS:
abstract, abstruse, complex, complicated, elusive, hairy, insoluble, intricate, involved, knotty, opaque, problematic ( problematical), recondite, serious, spiny, stubborn, thorny, ticklish, tricky; bruising, burdensome, exhausting, labored, onerous, oppressive, stressful, taxing, tight, trying; annoying, bothersome, distressing, irksome, troublesome, vexatious; grievous, grim, strict, stringent; brutal, cruel, inhuman, painful
NEAR ANTONYMS:
achievable, clear, doable, elementary, manageable, uncomplicated; comforting, gentle, painless, relaxed, smooth, soothing; accessible, friendly, idiotproof, user-friendly
cheap, easy, effortless, facile, light, mindless, simple, soft, undemanding
hard (adjective)
3.
able to withstand hardship, strain, or exposure
SYNONIMS:
cast-iron, hard, hard-bitten, hardened, inured, rugged, stout, strong, sturdy, tough, toughened, vigorous
RELATED WORDS:
flinty, leathery, resilient, stalwart; durable, enduring, everlasting, immortal, imperishable, lasting, permanent, stable, staunch ( stanch), staying, tenacious, unyielding; flourishing, prospering, thriving; able-bodied, brawny, muscular; fit, fortified, hale, healthy, husky, lusty, red-blooded, robust, sound, strapping, virile; annealed, seasoned, tempered
NEAR ANTONYMS:
emasculated, enervated, enfeebled, exhausted, run-down, sapped, wasted, weakened, worn, worn out; crippled, debilitated, diseased, incapacitated, infirm, unsound; fragile, frail, puny; resistless, sensitive, susceptible, unresistant, vulnerable, yielding; mortal, perishable, temporary, transient
delicate, nonhardy, soft, tender, weak
hard (adjective)
4.
based on sound reasoning or information
SYNONIMS:
commonsense, commonsensible, commonsensical, firm, hard, informed, just, justified, levelheaded, logical, rational, reasonable, reasoned, sensible, sober, solid, valid, well-founded
RELATED WORDS:
actual, real, true; certain, sure; certified, validated, verified; confirmed, corroborated, substantiated; cogent, convincing; colorable, credible, plausible
NEAR ANTONYMS:
unsubstantiated, unsupported, unwarranted; flimsy, implausible, unconvincing, weak; fallacious, false, misguided, misled
groundless, illogical, invalid, irrational, nonrational, nonsensical, nonvalid, unfounded, uninformed, unjustified, unreasonable, unreasoned, unsound
hard (adjective)
5.
difficult to endure
SYNONIMS:
bitter, brutal, burdensome, cruel, excruciating, grievous, grim, hard, hardhanded, heavy, inhuman, murderous, onerous, oppressive, rough, rugged, searing, severe, stiff, tough, trying
RELATED WORDS:
austere, bleak, comfortless, discomforting, forbidding, inhospitable, spartan, uncomfortable; biting, inclement, intemperate, wild; rigorous, strict, stringent; agonizing, heartbreaking, heartrending, painful, wretched; crushing, grinding, overwhelming, wearing; insufferable, insupportable, intolerable, unbearable, unendurable; harrowing, tortuous; bad, disagreeable, hostile, unfriendly, unpleasant
NEAR ANTONYMS:
comfortable, cozy, luxurious, snug; agreeable, friendly, genial, hospitable, pleasant; peaceful, relaxing, reposeful, restful; bearable, endurable, painless, tolerable; balmy, calm, clement, gentle, mild, moderate, temperate
easy, light, soft
hard (adjective)
6.
extreme in degree, power, or effect
SYNONIMS:
acute, almighty, blistering, deep, dreadful, excruciating, explosive, exquisite, fearful, fearsome, ferocious, fierce, frightful, furious, ghastly, hard, heavy, heavy-duty, hellacious, intensive, keen, profound, terrible, vehement, vicious, violent
RELATED WORDS:
accentuated, aggravated, concentrated, deepened; emphasized, enhanced, heightened, intensified, magnified; stressed; exhaustive, thorough; harsh, rigorous, severe
NEAR ANTONYMS:
feeble, weak; shallow, superficial; moderated, qualified; alleviated, eased, lightened, toned (down); abated, decreased, diminished, lessened, reduced, subdued
light, moderate, soft
hard (adjective)
7.
given to exacting standards of discipline and self-restraint
SYNONIMS:
austere, authoritarian, flinty, hard, harsh, heavy-handed, ramrod, rigid, rigorous, stern, strict, tough
RELATED WORDS:
demanding, exacting; uncharitable, unforgiving; adamant, adamantine, callous, hardened, hard-hearted, hard-line, immovable, implacable, inflexible, merciless, ossified, pitiless, relentless, rock-ribbed, stiff, unbending, uncompromising, unrelenting, unsparing, unyielding; dour, gruff; ascetic ( ascetical), monastic, monkish; browbeating, bullying; determined, firm, resolved, single-minded, steadfast, unflinching; dogged, intractable, obstinate, relentless
NEAR ANTONYMS:
easy, easygoing, laid-back, undemanding; charitable, kind, merciful, mild, patient, soft, softhearted; accepting, compromising, yielding; responsive, willing; acquiescent, agreeable, amenable, complaisant, compliant, flexible, pliable, pliant
clement, forbearing, gentle, indulgent, lax, lenient, tolerant
hard (adjective)
8.
having a consistency that does not easily yield to pressure
SYNONIMS:
compact, hard, rigid, solid, stiff, unyielding
RELATED WORDS:
case-hardened, compacted, compressed, hardened, indurated, stiffened, tempered; close, dense, heavy, thick, thickset; inelastic, inflexible, ramrod, unbending; compressed, condensed; adamantine, rocklike; sturdy, substantial; impenetrable, impermeable, nonporous
NEAR ANTONYMS:
loose, scattered, thin; bendable, elastic, flexible, malleable, pliable, pliant, supple; droopy, flaccid, floppy, lank, limp, slack; airy, light; permeable, porous; ultrasoft
flabby, soft, spongy, squashy, squishy
hard (adjective)
9.
having been established and usually not subject to change
SYNONIMS:
certain, determinate, final, firm, flat, frozen, hard, hard-and-fast, inexpugnable, set, settled, stable
RELATED WORDS:
nonadjustable, noncancelable, nonnegotiable, unchangeable; constant, steady, unchanging, uniform, unwavering; definite, exact, explicit, specific; given, stated, stipulated; dependable, good, reliable, responsible, safe, solid, sure, tried, tried-and-true, true, trustworthy, trusty
NEAR ANTONYMS:
adjustable, changeable, negotiable; indefinite, open-ended, unspecified; capricious, changeful, flickery, fluctuating, fluid, inconstant, mercurial, mutable, temperamental, uncertain, unpredictable, unsettled, unstable, unsteady, variable, volatile
hard (adjective)
10.
having or showing deep-seated resentment
SYNONIMS:
acrid, acrimonious, embittered, hard, rancorous, resentful, sore
RELATED WORDS:
disaffected, discontented, disgruntled, malcontent; contemptuous, cynical, disdainful, misanthropic, scornful; angry, cruel, harsh, irritated, mad, rough, savage, vehement, vicious, virulent, vitriolic; acid, caustic, cutting, mordant, sarcastic, trenchant; knock-down, drag-out ( knock-down-and-drag-out)
NEAR ANTONYMS:
caring, forgiving, gentle, kind, kindhearted, loving, sweet, sympathetic, tender, warm, warmhearted
unbitter
hard (adjective)
11.
sticking to an opinion, purpose, or course of action in spite of reason, arguments, or persuasion
SYNONIMS:
adamant, adamantine, bullheaded, dogged, hard, hardened, hardheaded, hard-nosed, headstrong, immovable, implacable, inconvincible, inflexible, intransigent, mulish, obdurate, opinionated, ossified, pat, pertinacious, perverse, pigheaded, self-opinionated, self-willed, stiff-necked, stubborn, unbending, uncompromising, unrelenting, unyielding, willful ( wilful)
RELATED WORDS:
anal-retentive, obsessive; wayward, wrongheaded; determined, hell-bent, inexorable, persistent, relentless, resolved, set, single-minded, steadfast, stouthearted, tenacious, unflinching; firm, hard-line, hard-shell ( hard-shelled), iron, severe, stern, strict; hidebound, narrow-minded, rigid; bloody-minded [], cantankerous; contrary, cussed; contumacious, disobedient, froward, insubordinate, intractable, recalcitrant, refractory, uncooperative, ungovernable, unmanageable, unruly; defiant, insurgent, mutinous; indomitable, invincible, unconquerable; confirmed, inveterate, unregenerate; demanding, exacting
NEAR ANTONYMS:
docile, obedient, placable, submissive, tractable; accepting, persuadable, receptive, responsive, willing; governable, manageable, reasonable, temperate; slavish, subservient
acquiescent, agreeable, amenable, compliant, complying, flexible, pliable, pliant, relenting, yielding
hard (adjective)
12.
restricted to or based on fact
SYNONIMS:
documentary, hard, historical, literal, matter-of-fact, nonfictional, objective, true
RELATED WORDS:
actual, authentic, bona fide, genuine, real, right; documented, established; confirmable, reliable, supportable, sustainable, verifiable; demonstrable, provable; incontestable, incontrovertible, indisputable, irrefutable, undeniable, unquestionable; plain, simple; certain, undoubted
NEAR ANTONYMS:
hypothetical, speculative, theoretical ( theoretic); apocryphal, unauthentic, undocumented; chimerical ( chimeric), fabulous, fanciful, fantastic ( fantastical), imaginary, imagined, invented, legendary, made-up, make-believe, mythical ( mythic), pretend; embroidered, exaggerated; insupportable, unsupportable
fictional, fictionalized, fictitious, nondocumentary, nonfactual, nonhistorical, unhistorical
hard (adverb)
1.
with great effort or determination
SYNONIMS:
amain, arduously, assiduously, determinedly, diligently, doggedly, hardly, industriously, intensely, intensively, intently, laboriously, mightily, purposefully, resolutely, sedulously, slavishly, strenuously
RELATED WORDS:
actively, animatedly, briskly, busily, dynamically, energetically, feverishly, spiritedly, vehemently, vigorously, zealously; continuously, ploddingly, steadfastly, steadily, unabatedly, unrelentingly, unremittingly; ardently, attentively, conscientiously, earnestly, exhaustively, meticulously, painstakingly, seriously, thoroughly; indefatigably, tirelessly, unflaggingly, untiringly, wearilessly; obstinately, stubbornly, willfully
NEAR ANTONYMS:
casually, desultorily, halfheartedly, indolently, lackadaisically, languidly, lazily, listlessly, shiftlessly, sluggishly, spiritlessly, tiredly, wearily
hard (adverb)
2.
with feelings of bitterness or grief
SYNONIMS:
agonizingly, bitterly, dolefully, dolorously, grievously, hardly, inconsolably, lugubriously, mournfully, painfully, plaintively, regretfully, resentfully, ruefully, sadly, sorely, sorrowfully, unhappily, wailfully, woefully, wretchedly
RELATED WORDS:
abjectly, cheerlessly, crestfallenly, dejectedly, despairingly, despondently, disconsolately, dispiritedly, downheartedly, low-spiritedly; blackly, darkly, dismally, distressfully, distressingly, dourly, drearily, forlornly, gloomily, glumly, joylessly, mirthlessly, miserably, morosely, pessimistically, somberly, sullenly; acutely, harshly, keenly, piercingly, poignantly, severely, sharply; cruelly, hurtfully, ill, rancorously
NEAR ANTONYMS:
cheerfully, cheerily, delightedly, gaily ( gayly), gleefully, good-naturedly, lightheartedly, merrily, mirthfully, rejoicingly, sunnily; blithely, blithesomely, calmly, casually, dispassionately, easily, impassively, indifferently, lightly, nonchalantly, stoically, unconcernedly; favorably, well
blissfully, gladly, happily, joyfully, joyously
hard (adverb)
3.
in a vigorous and forceful manner
SYNONIMS:
dynamically, energetically, explosively, firmly, forcefully, forcibly, mightily, muscularly, powerfully, roundly, stiffly, stoutly, strenuously, strongly, sturdily, vigorously
RELATED WORDS:
fiercely, hammer and tongs, robustly, roughshod, sharply, vehemently, violently; actively, animatedly, briskly, crisply, eagerly, gamely, heartily, lustily, snappily, spiritedly, spunkily, vivaciously; decidedly, determinedly, directly, emphatically, fast, fixedly, intensively, intently, purposefully, resolutely, rigidly, smartly, solidly, soundly, squarely, steadfastly, steadily, sturdily, surely; aggressively, assertively, manfully, potently
like gangbusters, to beat the band, with a vengeance, with might and main
NEAR ANTONYMS:
delicately, faintly, frailly, shakily; bloodlessly, halfheartedly, languidly, lazily, listlessly, spiritlessly; impotently, ineffectively, ineffectually, lamely, nervelessly, spinelessly, uncertainly
feebly, gently, softly, weakly
hard (adverb)
4.
at, within, or to a short distance or time
SYNONIMS:
around, by, close, hard, in, nearby, nigh
RELATED WORDS:
hereabouts ( hereabout), hereaway ( hereaways) [], thereabouts ( thereabout); along, alongside; accessibly, conveniently, handily
hard (adverb)
5.
in a manner so as to cause loss or suffering
SYNONIMS:
brutally, hard, harshly, ill, oppressively, roughly, severely, sternly, stiffly
RELATED WORDS:
callously, cold-bloodedly, hard-heartedly, heartlessly, inhumanely, inhumanly, insensately, insensitively, mercilessly, obdurately, pitilessly, ruthlessly, tyrannically, uncharitably, unfeelingly, unmercifully, unsparingly; abusively, brutishly, savagely, viciously; aggressively, assertively, decidedly, determinedly, firmly, grimly, gruffly, resolutely, strongly, toughly
NEAR ANTONYMS:
benevolently, benignantly, considerately, cordially, graciously, kindly, lovingly, tenderly; charitably, compassionately, humanely, mercifully, softheartedly, sympathetically, tolerantly, understandingly
clemently, gently, leniently, lightly, mildly, softly
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